Clinically Speaking addresses clinical topics of interest to the long-term care community, such as skin care and incontinence; diagnostic advances; wound care; infection control; and medication management. Each month an expert in the area of clinical care or an expert representing a professional association with LTC clinical expertise will author an article. If you are interested in contributing to Clinically Speaking on behalf of yourself or your association, contact Editor-in-Chief Patricia Sheehan at email@example.com.
New polymer-filled products for adults are improving the way urinary incontinence can be managed. These super-absorbent products come in a variety of shapes and sizes, including pads, pull-ups, briefs, and underpads in sizing small to bariatric. Many of the high-end products are capable of wicking hundreds of ccs of fluid away from the body and keeping the skin-device interface bone dry. It is common for people to wear a less absorbent product during the day (e.g., pull-up) and a more absorbent product overnight. Manufacturers have guidelines for sizing these products to the individual person, which is key to their successful use. For more information, refer to Continence Ostomy Source published by Kestrel Health Information (www.continenceostomysource.com).
A major breakthrough for the management of incontinence has been the introduction and widespread use of a fecal management system known as Flexi-Seal® FMS (ConvaTec, Skillman, New Jersey). This system enables critically ill patients and persons with loss of bowel control to be connected using an indwelling catheter to a containment pouch. Not only does the system prevent skin breakdown, but it also manages odors and reduces bacterial contamination of the environment. This system reduces the complications associated with rectal tubes and other old-fashioned containment devices. A product brochure, educational materials, clinical, and free products for trial are available from Bristol-Myers Squibb Professional Services by sending an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org. For more information on fecal incontinence, refer to Mary Arnold-Long's feature on incontinence in the October 2010 issue of Long-Term Living titled “Fecal Incontinence,” p. 50.
Dimethicone is a new ingredient in barrier products for managing light to moderate urinary or fecal incontinence. While petrolatum and zinc oxide barriers are still used for the management of heavy incontinence, the dimethicone barriers are effective without the sticky, gooey feel of zinc oxide and petrolatum products. A variety of manufacturers now offer incontinence barrier products with dimethicone. Go to www.incontinenceostomysource.com for more information.
Many of the high-end products are capable of wicking hundreds of ccs of fluid away from the body and keeping the skin-device interface bone dry.
Manufacturers have guidelines for sizing these products to the individual person, which is key to their successful use.
The Wound Ostomy Continence Nurses Society publishes a number of resources related to incontinence. These can be purchased from the WOCN Web site (www.wocn.org). Of particular interest are the following four documents:
Indwelling Urinary Catheters: Best Practice Document for Clinicians (2009)
Bladder Diary: Best Practice Document for Clinicians (2007)
Reversible Causes of Urinary Incontinence: A Guide for Clinicians (2007)
Reversible Causes of Urinary Incontinence: A Guide for Patients (2007) LTL